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Civil War On The Western Frontier Volume 4

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Introduction

The following book is one of a series of four that are compiled by extracting news items from microfilmed copy of the New Era newspaper of Fort Smith, Arkansas which was published on a weekly basis.

In these pages one can almost feel the emotions that the settlers on the western frontier dealt with on a daily basis.

The items found in this newspaper date from October 8, 1863 to November 11, 1865. They describe day to day life in the Northwest Arkansas area from the viewpoint of the editor, Valentine Dell. It also includes many accounts of the various battles fought within the state of Arkansas, Texas and the Indian Territory.

Many of the battles and occurrences are very vividly described and as is common with newspapers of this era, are told from the prospective of the editor.

It is my hope that this work will help you to understand the effects of the Civil War on the general population of Northwest Arkansas during the Civil War Era.
Fran Alverson Warren

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Description

New Era Newspaper Fort Smith, Arkansas
Index
1
10th Kansas Militia 7
12th Kansas 32
12th Kansas Infantry 17, 24, 32, 65
12th Kansas Volunteers Infantry 17, 40
13th Kansas Infantry 17, 32, 65
13th Kansas Volunteer Infantry 16
13th Kansas Volunteers Infantry 29
14th Kansas 11
14th Kansas Cavalry 28, 51, 66
18th Iowa 20, 22, 41, 46, 47, 64
18th Iowa Infantry 65
1st Arkansas Battalion 24
1st Arkansas Battery 46, 65
1st Arkansas Cavalry 39
1st Arkansas Infantry 10, 24, 41, 42, 48, 52, 58, 59, 64, 65
1st Arkansas Infantry Volunteers 16
1st Indian Regiment 32
1st Indiana Home Guards 15
1st Kansas Colored Infantry 24, 56
1st Kansas Colored Volunteers 16
1st Kansas Colored Volunteers Infantry 17
1st Missouri Cavalry 18, 50
2
22nd Arkansas Infantry 57
22nd Ohio Infantry 48
2nd Arkansas Infantry 20, 25, 26
2nd Kansas Battalion 24
2nd Kansas Cavalry 17, 20, 24, 46, 52
2nd Kansas Colored Infantry 24
2nd Kansas Volunteer Cavalry 24
3
32nd Iowa 56
32nd Iowa Infantry 54
34th Arkansas 57
4
40th Iowa Infantry 31
5
50th Indiana 21
5th Kansas 2
6
6th and 2nd Kansas Cavalry 54
7
7th U S Infantry 39
9
99th Illinois 67
9th Kansas 11
A
Adams, Major Sam 43
ADDITIONAL IN REGARD TO THE ATTACK ON THE BOATS 21
Allen, F S 10
Allison, C 28
American Rebellion 45
AMONG PARTIZAN RANGERS 58
AN INCIDENT 56
Andersonville, Georgia 49
ANXIOUS TO RETURN 46
Arkansas Regiments 46
Arkansas River 10, 21
Armstrong Academy, Indian Territory 66, 67
Army of Northern Virginia 49
Army of the Border 10
Army of the Frontier 20
ARRIVAL OF STEAMBOATS 17
Asa Clark’s Mill 10
Atwell, R H 24
B
Bard, Samuel 61
Barnard, William 47
Battle of Jenkin’s Ferry 23
Battle of Prairie Grove 6
BATTLE OF WESTPORT 7
Bear, Mr. 12
Benbrook, J Q 48
Bennett, Dr. J E 7, 43
Benton, Arkansas 14
Bentonville, Arkansas 38
Berry, Captain Charles E 20
Big Creek 41
Big Mulberry 47
Bigelow, Mr. 17
Bishop, C W 62
Blackburn, Captain W S 29
Bland, Private John 24
BOATS ATTACKED BY GUERRILLAS 17
Boggy Depot 54
BOLD OUTRAGE 25
Booth, Joel 55
Booth, Nancy 55
Bostick, John 62
Bourland, A M 62
Bourland, E 62
Bowles, John 16
Bowlin, Alvis 62
Brewer, John G 55
Brewer, Sarah Luisa 55
Brigadier General Bussey 47, 53
Brigadier General Bussy 43
Brigadier General C Bussey 63
Brigadier General Edwards 31
Briggs, Albert J 52
Brodie, Hiram 62
Brooks, Edward J 39
Brown, Mary Ann 55
Brown, Susan E 22
Brown, Thomas 55
Brush Creek 38
Bull Creek, Indian Territory 10
Burris, Rev. Mr. 20
Burrows Farm 37
Bushong, A B 62
Bushong, J S 62
Bushong, James S 31
Bushwhacker 3, 8, 23, 47
Bushwhacker Colonel Brooks 40
Bushwhackers 25, 26, 37, 38, 41, 42, 47, 48, 54
BUSHWHACKERS AT WORK AGAIN 48
Bushwhacking 57
Bussey, Brigadier General Cyrus 29
Bussey, Cyrus 27
Bussey, General 31
Byon, A O 62
C
Cabin Creek 2, 17
Cagle, Private L 35
Callahan, A M 62
Camp Ford 1
Camp Gross 2
Campbell, Colonel 41
Campbell, Lieutenant Colonel 67
Canandian River 36
Cane Hill, Arkansas 57
Captain Meffert 54
Captain Rutherford 38
Captain Thrasher 17
Cassville, Missouri 6
Cecil, W H 48
Chandler, Mrs. Serena G 23
CHAPLAIN GARDNER 16
Chaplain, 40th Iowa 44
Charles, Private B F 24
Cherokee Indians 44
Cherokee Nation 66, 68
CHEROKEE TOMAHAWK 38
Cherokees 67, 68
Chickasaw Indians 36
Chickasaw Nation 36
Choctaw 3
Choctaw Indians 36
Choctaw Nation 36
Christian Commission 15
Churchill, Captain J O 36
Citizens of Sebastian County 30
Clark, Asa 10
Clark, G J 52
Clark, George 52
Clarke, Private Julius 24
Clarksville, Arkansas 18, 20, 24, 25, 26, 27
Colbert, Wm 47
Collins, Carl 53
Colonel Adams 17
Colonel Border’s Command 2
Colonel Bowen 17
Colonel Ford 7
Colonel Garrett 31
Colonel Harrison 6, 37
Colonel Jennison 7
Colonel McGee 8
Colonel Phillips 16
Colonel Wallace 57
ColonelMoonlight 7
Colt’s Dragoon Revolver 9
Combs, Captain John Combs 58
Company A 2nd Arkansas Infantry 24
Company A, 12th Kansas 23
Company A, 1st Arkansas Cavalry 24
Company B, 1st Arkansas Infantry 47
Company B, 1st Arkansas U S Volunteers 55
Company C, 6th Kansas 2
Company D, 18th Iowa Infantry 64
Company D, 2nd Arkansas Infantry 35
Company E 1st Arkansas 55
Company E, 12th Kansas Infantry 24
Company E, 1st Arkansas 35
Company E, 2nd Battalion, 6th Cavalry, Missouri Volunteers 11
Company E, 2nd Kansas Cavalry Volunteers 55
Company F, 12th Kansas Infantry 35
Company G, 40th Iowa Infantry 61
Company H, 1st Arkansas 55
Company H, 1st Arkansas Infantry 42
Company H, 2nd Kansas Cavalry 2
Company I 1st Arkansas 55
Company I 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry 33
Company I, 12th Kansas Infantry 27
Company I, 1st Arkansas 55
Company I, 6th Kansas Cavalry 28
Company I,2nd Arkansas Cavalry 35
Company L, 14th Kansas Cavalry 55
Condray, Wisener 28
Confederate Armies 45
Confederate Army 33
Confederate Money 3
Confederate States of America 11
Confederate Surgeon 57
CORN WHEAT AND FLOUR IN TEXAS 62
Counts, Bethel 38
Court Martial 32, 47
Crane, C L 39
Crawford County, Arkansas 30, 31, 48, 50, 53, 54
Creek Indians 44
Crossman, Wm 10
D
Dables, Dr. T E, 62
Dallas, Texas 54
Dardanelle, Arkansas 20
Day, Private Wm 23
DENTAL NOTICE 32
Department of Arkansas 12
Department of Missouri 12
DEPARTURE OF OFFICERS 17
Dickerson, D 62
Dilday, Charles F 55
Dilday, Mary 55
District of North Arkansas 53
Dobbin’s Brigade of Arkansas Troops 9
Dodge, G M 53
DR RANDALL SWINDELL 3
Durbin, Captain Green 40
Durbin, Captain Greene 17
Duval Farm 35
Duvall Farm 33
DuVall’s Bluff 31
E
Edmondson, James 34
Edmondson, Samuel 33
Edmondson, Theresa 34
Edmondson, W 61
Edwards, Private Jesse 24
Elm Springs 38
Ely, Wm B 39
England, W F 62
F
Fagan’s Negotiations 14
Farmer, W B 24
Farmington, Missouri 63
FATAL ACCIDENT 42
FATAL SHOOTING AFFAIR 23
Fayette County, Missouri 50
Fayetteville, Arkansas 20, 23, 27, 38, 39, 42, 48, 62
Federal Arms 19
Federal Army 14
Federal Prisoners 20
Federal Soldier 1, 50, 54
Federal Troops 18
Federal Uniform 9
Federal Uniforms 42
Federals 3, 5, 6
Ferguson, Mr. 23
Few, Isaac 50
Few, Louisa 50
Fletcher, Governor Thomas C 63
Fletcher, Thomas C 63
Fort Gibson, Cherokee Nation 39, 67
Fort Gibson, Indian Territory 9, 16, 32, 33, 34, 40, 44, 51, 52
Fort Scott Road 7
Fort Scott, Kansas 8
FORT SMITH PRICES CURRENT 21
Foster, Jack 23
Franklin County, Arkansas 41
Freeman, W M 61
Frog Bayou 32, 37, 55
FROM FAYETTEVILLE 37
FROM TEXAS 54
FROM TYLER TEXAS 1
G
Gans, Rachel 55
Gans, Robert 55
GARDENING 32
Gardner, Chaplain O B 29
Gardner, Rev. 17
Gardner, Rev. O B 29
Garrison, Rev. S F C 44
Garrison, S F C 48
Gaston, Amanda Melvina 11
Gaston, William 11
General Blunt 6, 40, 41, 51
General Bussey 35, 37, 55, 61, 66
General Canby 12, 18
General Curtis 3, 7, 10, 11
GENERAL CURTIS 10
General Curtis’ Artillery 11
General Curtis’ Headquarters 3
General Grant 20, 44
General Halleck 20
General Herron 6, 66
General Hindman 41
General Hospital 23
General Magruder 14
General Pleasanton 11
General Price 7, 10
General Reynolds 31
General Steele 12
General Thayer 20
Gerard, Miss Mollie 65
Gibson, Sarah P 56
Gillam, Rev. W H 60
Gilleland, Private B T 53
Gillespie, John 62
Gilstrap, H M 38
Gordon, Private 64
Government Freight 34
Graham, Mrs. Wm 56
Graham, William 55
Graham, Wm 56
Grant, Ulysses S 45
Green, Wm 61
Greer, Private Wm 35
Greig, James 62
Griffith, Colonel S L 40
Guard House 33
GUERRILLA OUTRAGE 47
Guerrillas 12, 18, 29, 33, 37, 39, 57
GUERRILLAS 51
Gunn, Private Cornelius 24
Gurley, Dr. 47
H
Half-breed Indian 23
Harder, Henry 60, 61
Harder, Wm 63
Hardin, John 17
Hargrove & Miller 55
Hargrove, Judge A N 37
Harris, Charles 66
Harris, Miss Margaret 68
Harrison, Colonel LaRue 39
Harrisonville Road 8
Hart, Captain Martin D 11
Harvey, C F 62
Haskell, J C 52
Hayes, J E 40
Hays, Lieutenant Colonel J E 24
Heaton, John 32
Heffington, Tennessee 55
Heffington, William 55
Helderbrand, Samuel 63
Henderson, Robert 3
Hillsborough, Illinois 43
Home Guard Companies 37
Home Guards 30
HORRIBLE STEAMBOAT DISASTER 49
HOW MARMADUKE WAS ARRESTED 3
Howell, Mrs. Seth 28
Hudson, H 37
Hudson, John 24
Hudson, Mrs. Sarah 37
Humansville, Polk County, Missouri 46
Hunt, H B 42
Hunt, Miss Malinda 20
Hunt, William M 20
Huntsville, Arkansas 38
Huntsville, Madison County, Arkansas 38
Hutchinson, G W 24, 56
I
I O O F Tribute of Respect 60
INDIAN AFFAIRS 66
Indian Council 66
Indian Country 39
Indian Nations 41, 67
Indian Territory 62, 63
Indian Troops 44
Indians 9, 44, 67
INFORMATION WANTED 37
INHUMANE TREATMENT OF THE PRISONERS 27
J
Jay’s Landing 31
Jayhawkers 15
Jayhawking 39
Jeff Davis 4
Jefferson City, Missouri 63
Jewett, D S 56
Jewett, Sergeant D S 54
Johnson, Colonel James M 58
Johnson, L D 62
Johnston, James 59
Jones, Private J J 2
Joy, James 62
Judson, Captain C O 17
K
Kansas City 7, 9, 10
Kansas Militia 7
Kersey, Private George 24
Kimball, C O 24, 25
Knights of the Brush 51
Knox Farm 47
L
Laffery, John 55
Laffery, Mrs. Eliza 55
Larrimore, Private 42
Laster, John L 48
LATE ORDER OF EVACUATION 18
Leard, Rev. J H 64
Leavenworth Conservative(Newspaper) 10
Leavenworth, Kansas 13, 15
Lee, Robert E 45
Lee’s Army 23
Lee’s Creek Bar 34, 36
LEE’S FAREWELL ADDRESS 49
Leming, Elijah 13, 62
Lewisburg, Arkansas 32
Lieutenant Berry 11
Lieutenant Colonel Bassett 17
Lieutenant DeFrieze 2
Lieutenant Freeze 54
Litchefield, Montgomery County, Illinois 11
Little Mulberry 47
Louisburg, Arkansas 20
Lowery, H 28
M
Macey, Lieutenant 17
Madison County, Arkansas 58
Major Foreman 15
Major General Dodge 12
Major General Rosecrans 12
Major Mefford 2
Major Worthington 38
MARRIAGE IN LAPLAND 13
Marshal, Texas 57
Marzoll, Francis 50
Mason, Charles M 20
Mathews, Private John B 24
Mazzard Prairie 48
McBroom, Maxwell 48
McBroom, Private Alexander 47
McCulloch, Henry 11
McDonald & Company 40
McDonald & Fuller 12
McGuire, Charles 27
McKibbon’s Store 32
McLeio, J M 62
McNamee, Michael 34
Measles 57
MEDICATED HAIR OIL 7
MELANCHOLY AND FATAL RECONTRE 42
Mexican War 50
Middle Fork 38
Military Commission 43
Military Post Office 32
Military Posts 20
Mill Creek 3
Miller, Captain George E 30
Mills, J B 28
Milor, V V 28
Milor, Volney V 30
Mooney, W B 62
Moore, Sergeant R 29
Moore, Wm 60
MORE PRISONERS FROM CLARKSVILLE 27
Morey, J K 47
Morey, Major 58
Morey, Major J K 61
Morgain, Private Wm 35
Mourse, Ira 9
Mt. Comfort 38
MURDER OF A BOY 46
MUSTERED OUT 65
N
National Union 3
Neosho, Missouri 15
Newland, George W 62
Norcross, Sidney 64
North Western Arkansas 19
North, Rev. Reuben 38
Northern Louisiana 66
Northwestern Arkansas 37, 39
O
Old Pap 9
Orphan’s Home 64
Osage, Arkansas 38
P
Paraclifts, Texas 54
Parker, M F 2
Parker, Wm 10
Parker’s Express Company 42
Partizan Rangers 58
Patterson, Franklin 49, 50
Paymaster, US Army 43
Paynter, D A 52
Pea Ridge, Arkansa 38
Perkins, E P 30
Perkins, J N 32, 40, 56
Phillips, Colonel W A 39
Pilot Knob, Missouri 63
Pollock, Thomas A 48
Post Colonies 37
Poteau River 33, 64
Pratt, Joseph R 55
Preston, B B 62
Price’s Campaign in Missouri 10
Price’s Raid 15
PRISONERS EXCHANGED 20
PROCLAMATION 63
Provost Duty 32
Provost Marshal 17, 30, 48
Q
Quartermaster 18th Iowa 25
Quartermaster’s Department 18, 33, 47
Quartermasters Department 40
Quitman, John A 3
R
Ramsey, Private James 35
RATIONS TO CITIZENS 62
Raymond, Captain G W 48
Rebel 41
Rebel Armies 37
Rebel Band 17
Rebel Cherokees 67
Rebel General 3
Rebel General Fagan 14
Rebel General Marmaduke 3
Rebel Guerillas 5
Rebel Indians 67
Rebel Mobs 65
Rebel Prison 24, 49
Rebel Surgeons 27
REBEL VENTILATOR 39
Rebellion 23, 45
REBELOMETER 16
Rebels 22, 26
Reconstruction 46
Rector Plantation 26
Red River 3, 26, 41, 54
REPORT OF POST HOSPITAL, FORT SMITH, ARK. 24
REPORT OF SICK AND WOUNDED IN GENERAL HOSPITAL, FORT SMITH, ARK., FOR February, 1865 35
Republican Government 34
RETURNED FROM REBEL PRISON 26
RETURNED PRODICALS 57
Returning Rebs 60
Reynolds, Major General J J 12
Richland, Arkansas 38
RIVER, WEATHER, BOATS, ETC. 28
Robb, Mrs. Minerva J 22
Robb, Rev. Wilson 22
Rodman, F 64
Rogers Graveyard 52
Rogers’ Graveyard 48
Roseville, Arkansas 17, 18, 21, 42
Rowland, Joseph S C 60
Rucker, E L 28
Rupe, Daniel 68
Russell, Smith 28
S
SALE OF CONDEMNED STOCK 36
Saline River 20
Satanic Clique 40, 52, 54
Schuyler, Rev. Dr. 10
Scott County, Arkansas 60
Scott, Adam 28
Scullyville, Choctaw Nation 50
Sebastian County, Arkansas 59
Sebastian County, State of Arkansas 56
Secretary of the Interior 63, 67
Secretary of War 63
Seminole War 50
SERIOUS SHOOTING AFFRAY 42
SHALL WE HAVE ANY GARDENS THIS YEAR 22
Sharks, John 24
Shaw, J B 53, 66
Shawnee Mission 7
Shibly, Henry 62
SHIPPING SUPPLIES VIA KANSAS 13
SHOCKING AFFAIR- WOMEN TORTURED- ROBBERY, MURDER & ARSON- A “REVEREND” IN IRONS, etc., etc. 24
Shortess, Hon. M 38
SIGNAL ROUT OF PRICE 7
Sills, Wm 62
Simco, Gaines 28
SINGULAR WOUND 23
Small Pox 35
Smith, Alvis 62
Smith, Barber 33
Smith, Captain G W R 58
Smith, Captain Tucker 58, 59
Smith, Clarence R 16, 42
Smith, Miss Belle M 20
Smith, S S 25
Smith’s Carbine 9
Smythe, Rev. Father 65
Snider, Gerhardy 18
Snyder, Elizabeth 55
Snyder, General George W 55
SOLDIER’S GARDEN 35
Southern Democracy 4
Southern Rights 4
Spencer Repeating Carbines 52
Springer, F 48
Springer, Rev. F 43
Springer, Rev. Francis 68
Springfield, Illinois 47
Springfield, MA 26
Springfield, Missouri 11, 23, 38, 40
St. Charles, Arkansas 32
St. Francis River 53
St. Joseph, Missouir 13
St. Louis, Missouri 11, 23
Stars and Stripes 57
State of Kansas 15
Steam Boat J R Williams 33
Steamer Admiral Hine 17, 18, 26, 29, 34
Steamer Admiral Hines 21
Steamer Alamo 26, 29
Steamer Annie Jacobs 17, 18, 21, 31
Steamer Boat Green Durbin 33
Steamer Carrie Jacobs 27, 29, 32, 34, 36
Steamer Chippewa 17, 18, 21
Steamer Greene Durbin 32
Steamer Ingomar 39
Steamer Kate Bruner 66
Steamer Linne Down 52
Steamer Linnie Drown 51
Steamer Lotus 17, 18, 21, 26, 31, 34, 36
Steamer Mattie Cabler 66
Steamer Rodolph 42, 48, 65
Steamer Rose Hambleton 32
Steamer Sir William Wallace 34
Steamer Sultana 49
Steamer Virginia Barton 29, 31, 34, 36, 44
Steele, Major General F 12
Stephenson, J G 62
Stuckslager, C R 24, 35
Stuckslager, Dr. 23
Sulphur Spring Mill 32
Superintendent of Indian Affairs 67
Surgeon 12th Kansas Infantry 35
SURRENDER OF LEE 44
Sutler Supplies 60
Sutler Train 15
Swindell, Dr. 4, 5, 6
Swindell, Mrs. 6
T
Tahleqah, Indian Territory 68
Telegraph Operator 12
TEXANS LOOK HERE- INFORMATION WANTED 11
Thayer, John M 26
the 14th Kansas Cavalry 52
THE EXECUTION 47, 49, 50
THE INDIAN TERRITORIES 35
THE JUBILEE 43
THE ORPHAN’S HOME 57
THE ORPHANS 64
THE TELEGRAPH 23
Thirlkill’s Landing 31
Thompson, M Jefferson 53
Thompson, Robert 45
Timber Hill, Cherokee Nation 29
Titus County, State of Texas 11
TO BE EXECUTED 32
TO THE UNION PEOPLE OF SCOTT COUNTY 12
TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE 14
TRAIN ARRIVED 32
Trans-Mississippi Region 26
Treadaway, J D 40
Tumlinson, Miss Parthena 61
Tyler, Smith County, Texas 1
Tyler, Texas 1, 20, 27, 54, 56
Typhoid Fever 24, 35
U
U S Christian Commission 60
U S Marshal 48
U S Marshal for Western Arkansas 53
U S Medical Purveyor’s Department 60
Ullery, James G 65
Uncle Sam 15, 17, 57, 58
Union Valley 38
US MARSHAL 48
V
Van Buren, Arkansas 25, 30, 31, 36, 37, 47, 48, 50, 53, 57, 58, 61, 62
Vance, Sergeant 47
Vian, Indian Territory 9
Volunteer Militia 30
W
Wagon Master 2nd Brigade 17
Waite, Stand 67
Waldron, Arkansas 3, 51
Walnut Grove 38
WANTS OF THE PEOPLE 14
War Department 40, 46
War Eagle 38
Ward, A J 62
Washington County, Arkansas 38, 58
Welch, Dr. 57
West Fork 38
Western Arkansas 5, 14, 41
Western District of Arkansas 48
Western Texas 52
White House 47
White River 32, 53
White, Dr. L C 48, 53
White, L C 31, 62
White, R J T 31
Whiteford, John 65
Williams, Private David A 26
Williams, Solon 46
Wilson, J H 38
Wood, L H 10
Wood, Miss Pinkie 10
Wyandott, Kansas 10
Y
Yellow Fever 27
Z
Zeigembine, Jacob