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Civil War On The Western Frontier Volume 2

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Introduction

The following book is one of a series of four that are compiled by extracting news items from microfilmed copy of the New Era newspaper of Fort Smith, Arkansas which was published on a weekly basis.

In these pages one can almost feel the emotions that the settlers on the western frontier dealt with on a daily basis.

The items found in this newspaper date from October 8, 1863 to November 11, 1865. They describe day to day life in the Northwest Arkansas area from the viewpoint of the editor, Valentine Dell. It also includes many accounts of the various battles fought within the state of Arkansas, Texas and the Indian Territory.

Many of the battles and occurrences are very vividly described and as is common with newspapers of this era, are told from the prospective of the editor.

It is my hope that this work will help you to understand the effects of the Civil War on the general population of Northwest Arkansas during the Civil War Era.
Fran Alverson Warren

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Description

New Era Newspaper Fort Smith, AR
Index

$
$20 REWARD 15
1
11th Colored Infantry 23
11th Kansas 50
11th U S Colored Infantry 55
12th Kansas 43, 45, 50, 52, 64, 65
12th Kansas Infantry 60
12th Kansas Volunteers 67
13th Kansas Infantry 29, 30
13th Kansas Volunteer Infantry 61
13th Kansas Volunteers 52
13th Regiment Kansas Infantry 17
13th Regiment, Kansas Volunteer Infantry 11
14th Kansas 42
14th Kansas Cavalry 3, 5, 6, 19, 44
14th Kansas Cavalry Regiments 57
14th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry 18
18th Iowa 2, 6, 15, 42, 43, 44, 45, 58
18th Iowa Infantry 57
1st Arkansas 64
1st Arkansas Cavalry 23, 35, 55, 71
1st Arkansas Infantry 3, 4, 5, 11, 60, 67
1st Brigade, Frontier Division 55
1st Kansas Colored 42, 44, 57, 58
1st Kansas Colored Infantry 57, 68
2
20th Indiana, Army of the Potomac 24
27th Wisconsin 64
2nd Arkansas Cavalry 30
2nd Arkansas Infantry 3, 23, 30, 71
2nd Arkansas Volunteer Infantry 61
2nd Brigade, Frontier Division 55, 65
2nd Indiana Battery 58, 68
2nd Kansas 23
2nd Kansas Battery 55
2nd Kansas Cavalry 48, 61
2nd Kansas Colored 64, 65
2nd Missouri Battery 44
3
33rd Iowa 64
36th Iowa 43, 44, 58, 63
3rd and 4th Arkansas Cavalry 59
3rd Kansas 30
3rd Kansas Battery 48, 49, 50
3rd Wisconsin Cavalry 25
4
40th Indiana 43
40th Iowa 64
43rd Indiana 44, 63
43rd Indiana Infantry 58
4th Arkansas Cavalry 71
5
50th Indiana 64, 65
5th Kansas 28
5th Kansas Cavalry 44, 63
6
6th Kansas 16, 71
6th Kansas Cavalry 22, 26, 34, 55, 57
7
77th Ohio 43, 44, 63
77th Ohio Infantry 58
7th Army Corps 54, 56
7th Missouri Cavalry 44
9
9th Kansas 52
9th Kansas Cavalry 43, 48
9th Wisconsin 64
A
Acting Collector Office Treasury Agency 8
Adams, C W 70
Adams, Captain M S 2
Adams, Frank 11
Adcock, Dr. R M 35
Adjutant General 37
Aduddell, J F 48
Affairs in Texas 45
Albion, Edwards County, Illinois 49
Allen, Thomas 70
Anderson, George 62
Anderson, John 62
Anderson, T J 34, 61
ANOTHER CAPTURE 58
ANOTHER NUISANCE 35
Arkadelphia, Arkansas 56
Arkansas a Free State! 13
Arkansas Council No. 1, U L A 29
Arkansas Regiment 13
Arkansas River 15, 19, 21, 22, 31, 59, 60, 63, 67
Arkansas Troops 33
Armstrong, A J 62
Army of Arkansas 25, 56, 58
Army of the Frontier 17, 22, 30, 53, 55, 59
Army of the Potomac 1
Assistant Adjutant General 8, 15, 61
Assistant Medical Director 31
Assistant Provost Marshal of Ozark 5
Atchison, Kansas 12
ATTACK ON ROSEVILLE 23
Auditor of Treasury Department 41
B
Ball, A J 70
Banks’ Red River Expedition 53
Barker, W A 69
Barnard, Louis 70
Barnard, Squire 22
Barret, Joseph H 41
Barret, Wm 70
Bartles, Mrs. J 8
BATTLE AT POISONED SPRINGS 57
Battle of Antietam 67
Battle of Cane Hill 9
Battle of Dry Wood 9
Battle of Fort Wagner 9
Battle of Honey Springs 9
Battle of Jenkins Ferry 68
Battle of Morristown 9
Battle of Newtonia 9
Battle of Poison Springs 67, 68
Battle of Poisoned Springs 61
Battle of Prairie Grove 9
Beattee, James 68
Beattie, James 69
Beebe, O L 68
Bellamy, Benson C 69
Belle Grove Seminary 31
Berry, 2nd Lieutenant James H 3
Berry, J H 3
Bertham, William 34
Bettes, Thomas 70
Billings, W J 69
Bishop, A W 22, 28
Bishop, J 69
Bishop, Lieutenant Colonel A W 55
Blair, C D 69
Blunt, Major General James G 34
BOATS ARRIVED 59
Bone, Marshal 70
Booneville, Arkansas 14
Boren, Henry 19
Bostwick & Griffiths Store 10
Bosworth, Otis M 37
Bowman, Dr. 27
Brasher, Henry 18
Briertown, Indian Territory 27
Brigadier General Reynolds 65
Brigadier Generals Coory 65
Brittingham, Jackson 49
Brooks, J 69
Brown, John 4
Brown, Major J G 5
Burcham, H C 69
Burley, Rufus B 69
Bushwhacker 23, 61
Bushwhackers 3, 18, 21, 23, 24, 50, 51, 66, 67
BUSHWHACKERS 66
Bushwhackers At Work 22
Bushwhacking 21, 22
C
Cabell’s Command 68
Cable, W H 70
Callahan, Allen 70
Camden, Arkansas 42, 43, 44, 45, 56, 57, 58, 63
CAMP 11TH U S COLORED TROOPS 44
Camp 5 Miles From Elkin’s Ferry 33
Camp Butler, near Fort Smith, Arkansas 48
Camp on Mazzard Prairie 66
Camp on Petit Jean, Scott County, Arkansas 14
Canadian River 27
Captain Bunn 50
Captain Gibbons, of the Rangers 66
Captain Gross 71
Captain Turner’s Company of Rangers 50
Captain Turners’s Company 50
Carden, A 24
Carrol, Colonel 20
Carroll, Wm 70
Cavalry Division of General Carr 63
Chaplain of the First Kansas Colored 67
Charleston, Arkansas 24
Charleston, Franklin County, Arkansas 34
Chase, H C 22, 37
Chase, H C, Lieutenant 6
Cherokees 50
Choctaw Nation 12
Choctaw Regiment 68
Circular of the Provost Marshal 13
Clark, Lieutenant Wm B 5
Clarksville 71
CLARKSVILLE ATTACKED 22
Clarksville, Arkansas 3, 23, 30, 61, 70
Clinkenbeard, E 69
Cloud, Colonel 20, 25, 27
Coldren, L T 69
Coleman, Charles J 62
Collins, Carl 19
Colonel Adams, 12th Kansas 55
Colonel Bishop, Commander of the Post 51
Colonel Drake 43
Colonel Edwards, 18th Iowa 55
Colonel Williams 43, 52, 58
Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, D C 41
Company “C”, 12th Kansas 43
Company “A”, 6th Kansas Cavalry 9
Company “A”, 6th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry 8
Company “A”, 6th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry 8
Company “D”, 14th Kansas Cavalry 6
Company “E”, 14th Kansas Cavalry 6
Company A, 12th Kansas Infantry 2
Company B, Kansas Volunteers 48
Company E & D, 2nd Kansas Cavalry 52
Company F, 6th Kansas Cavalry 50
Company H, 2nd Kansas Cavalry 28
Company I, 1st Arkansas Cavalry 34, 35
Company I, 1st Arkansas Infantry 24
Company K, 14th Kansas Cavalry 61
Company L, 2nd Kansas Cavalry 17
Cone, J P 70
Confederate Soldiers 16, 29
Copperheads At Work 10
Copperheads of the North 49
Cosely, F D 70
Counterfeit 10
Court Martial 9
Crawford, W F 9
D
Dalton, James 70
Daly, Thomas 53
Danville, Yell County, Arkansas 30
Dardanelle 71
DARDANELLE TAKEN 58
Dardanelle, Arkansas 30, 59
Davis Confederacy 9
Davis, Jefferson 9, 21
Day, Wm 70
Department of Arkansas 31, 34
Deweese, Frank 70
District Commander 3
District Judge Advocate 61
District of Frontier 23
District of the Frontier 6
District of the Frontier, Department of Arkansas 7, 15, 22, 34, 55, 61
District of the Frontier, Department of Kansas 44
District Provost Marshal 2, 6, 15
Doctor Swindell’s Apothecary Shop 10
Downington, Ohio 37
Dryfoos, H 31
Duncan, I 50
E
Edwards, Colonel John 2, 6, 15, 55
Edwards, John 3
Edwards,John 2
Elkin’s Ferry Road 33
Ellis, George 70
Enfield Rifles 18
Esterbrook, Mrs. 35
Euper, Miss Margaret 34
F
Fagan, General 31
Fairchild, Doctor 28
Fairchild, Dr. 26, 29
Fairchild, Dr. Assistant Surgeon 29
Falstaff 9
Farris, C T 45
Farris, S N 45
Fayetteville, Arkansas 32
Federal and Rebel Wounded 29
Federal Army 26
Federal Lines 13
Federal Regiment 18
Federal Troops 20
Federal Uniform 26, 37
FIRST ARKANSAS INFANTRY 3
Fishback, Colonel 11
Fishback, Wm 11
Fitzwilliams 26
Fitzwilliams’ Band of Bushwhackers 31
FLAG PRESENTATION 8
Fort Gibson, Indian Territory 50, 66
Fort Pillow 42
FORT PILLOW MASSACRE-RETALIATION 42
Fort Scott 50
Foster, Lewis 70
Franklin Almanac for 1864 67
Franklin County, Arkansas 34
Freemen of Arkansas 14
Freer, Frank 3
French, Ezra B 41
FROM CLARKSVILLE 30
FROM FORT SCOTT 50
FROM GENERAL STEELES’ COMMAND 32
FROM OZARK 18
FROM TEXAS 45
FROM THE FRONT 25, 31, 42
Frontier Division 63
FRUITS OF THE AMNESTY PROCLAMATION 25
Fuller, W L 69
G
Gardner, Captain 52
Gardner, John 23
General Banks 54, 63
General Blunt’s Forces 48
General Cabell 27, 34
General Carr 34
General Cooper 56
General Court Martial 61
General Dockery 56
General Fagan 42, 44, 56
General Grant 3
General Green 34
General Hospital 31
General John M Thayer 55
General Kimball 31
General Lawler 34
General Marmaduke 33, 56, 58
General Maxey 56, 57, 68
General Parsons 65
General Price 33, 56, 57
General Rice 33, 34, 65
General Salomon’s Division 64
General Shelby 33, 34, 56, 58, 59
General Steele 31, 34, 42, 43, 52, 54, 56, 57, 58
General Steele’s Army 31, 33
General Steele’s Command 52
General Steele’s Head Quarters 43, 52
General Thayer 33, 34, 42, 44, 56, 57, 58
General Thayer’s Command 48
General Thayer’s Division 52, 56
Gibbs, Homer 69
Gibson House 18
Glass, Lafayette 50
Glenn Falls, NY 67
Goddess of Liberty 10
Goss, Captain 71
Government Beef Contractors 16
Government Plantation 67
Government Slaughter Pen 15
Gray, Wm M 70
Grayville Independent 49
Great Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair 2
Greene, W D 55
Greenwood, Arkansas 4
Gregg, Lafayette 1
Grey, R M 8
Guthrie, Miss N 8
H
Haggard, A M 69
Haight, Henry 70
Hamlin, Vice President 3
Harrison, J Scott 19
Harrison, Mrs. Anna 19
Harrison, President W H 19
Harvey, Wm 69
Hayes, J E 70
Hays, Private J M 61
Head Quarters, District of the Frontier 6
Head Quarters, Post of Ozark, Ozark, Arkansas 5
HEAD-QUARTERS, DISTRICT OF THE FRONTIER 2
Hendshaw, Private Alonzo 68
Hickens, Annie Augusta 18
Hickens, H G 18
Hickens, M A 18
Hickman, G W 70
Hickson, James 5
Hitchcock, B 62
Hodges Prairie 21
Hogue, S R 70
Hooker, A H 70
Hopkin’s Battery 48
Hopkins, Dewitt C 35
Horse Creek 50
HOW THE REBELS KEEP WARM 69
HOW THEY KEEP THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE 37
Hudson, L P 16
HUMAN SLAVERY 13
Hunt, Harry 69
Hunt, John 16
Hunt, Joseph 16
Huntsville, Arkansas 13
Hurd, Henry 70
Hurt, Mr. 30
Hutchison, Lieutenant Joe 17
I
IMPORTANT TO SOLDIERS AND THEIR FAMILIES 37
Independent Battery of Light Artillery 48
Independent Home Guards 27
Indian and Sutler Goods 66
Indian Chief 71
Indian Country 31
Indian Nations 27
Indian Territory 34, 55
INFORMATION WANTED 16, 37
INJUSTICE OF COURT MARTIALS 1
Inspecting Officer 22
INTERESTING FROM TEXAS 19
J
Jackson, B D 69
Jackson, Samuel 70
James’ Fork 22
Jenkins Ferry Road 63
Jenkins, Mrs. 65
Jenks, L B 70
Jennings, S L 7
Jennison, L H 69
Jenny Lind 3, 4
Johnson, Captain H H 23
Johnson, James M 11
Johnson, John P 69
Johnson, Mary 8
Johnson, Wm 70
Journegan Thicket 19
Judson, Colonel W R 22, 37
Judson, Colonel William R 55
Judson, W J 61
Judson, W R 34, 61
Judson, W R Colonel 6
K
Kane, Dr. 30
KILLED ACCIDENTALLY 2
King, E W 15
King, W 35
Kirby Smith’s Men 65
Knox, B F 69
L
Lamb, John 68
LAND MEASURE 41
Langdon, Chester S 44
Lavo, Frank 70
Lawler’s Regiment 33
Leard, Rev. J H 14
Lee, Daniel 5
Lee, F D 69
Leland, Cyrus 52
Lentz, Jacob 35
Lentz, Luella Katy 35
Lentz, Sarah A 35
Lieutenant Colonel Bassett 2nd Kansas 55
Lieutenant Colonel Drake 43, 63
Lieutenant Colonel Hays 65
LIEUTENANT COLONEL J R HAYES 60
Lincloln, A 11
Lincoln, President 3
LIST OF CASUALTIES IN THE 18TH IOWA INFANTRY AT THE BATTLE OF POISON SPRINGS, ARK., APRIL 18TH, 1864 68
LIST OF THE KILLED AND WOUNDED OF THE 1ST REG’T KANSAS COLORED INFANTRY, IN BATTLE OF POISON SPRINGS, APRIL 18, 1864 61
Little Missouri River 31, 33, 56
Lopping, John 61
Lowe, J F 70
Lynde, Colonel Edward 55
M
Madison County, Arkansas 3
Main, Dr. 15, 35
Major General F Steele 54
Major General Steele 56
Major Plum 50
Malloy, M A 16
Malloy, Rev. W D 16
Markaduke’s Command 33
Marks Mills, on the Saline River 63
Marmaduke 43, 59
Marmaduke’s Cavalry Force 33
Martin, Wm 70
Mason, U 70
Mass Meeting 2
Mayo, Rev. A D 67
McCalley, George 68
McCullough, General Henry 19
McDonald & Fuller 43, 66
McDowell, W H 69
McKeirman, Francis 34
McNeil’s Mills, Arkadelphia, Arkansas 33
Meade, General 1
Medical Director 15
Memphis Bulletin 9
Meyers, H C 69
Michael, C A 69
Middlebusher, L E 70
Military Post 36
Military Post at Fort Smith 34
Military Post of Fort Smith 35, 55
Militia 22, 71
Millar, George 68
Miserez, P J 70
Mississippi River 67
Monks, F M 16
Moore, R F 70
MORE BUSHWHACKING 23
MORE MURDERS 30
Morning Report 15
Morris, B B 69
Morrison, Robert 5
Morrow, Sergeant 24
Morrow, Sergeant W C 34
Murphy, Governor Isaac 10
Murphy, Isaac 10
N
Niemann, A D 5
Niles, A A 69
NOBLE CONDUCT 60
O
O’Brien, Major 30
Oath of Allegiance 37
Oaths of Allegiance 5
Ogden, Lieutenant 19
Olathe, Johnson County, Kansas 60
Old Boreas 24
Old Fort Wayne, Cherokee Nation 48
Ordinacne Stores 59
Osage Indians 12
Ouachita River 63
OUR SITUATION 21
OZARK OCCUPIED BY REBELS 32
Ozark, Arkansas 9, 14, 15, 18, 32, 52
P
Paine, G W 61
Pap Price 19, 28
Pape, Henry 35
Parmentier, Emerson 69
Peace Man 49
Pearce, George J 70
Pearson, W H 68
PENSION FOR TOTAL DISABILTY 38
Pensions 37
PENSIONS 37
Perkins, Lieutenant 11, 12
Perryville, Arkansas 9
Pilot Grove, Grayson County, Texas 16
Pine Bluff, Arkansas 44, 58, 65
Pine Bluffs 43
Post Chaplain 5
Post Commanders 37
Post Head Quarters 5
Post of Fort Smith 31, 55
Post Ozark, Arkansas 18
Postmaster 11
Poush, V V 69
Prairie d’Ann 56
Pratt, Lieutenant 19
Prentiss, Surgeon 15
President Lincoln 42
Price’s Headquarters 57
Princeton Road 63
Princeton, Arkansas 63
Private Brittingham 49
Provost Marshal 66
Provost Marshal at Van Buren 11
Provost Marshal’s Office 15
Provost Marshals 37
PUBLIC SALE 8
Pugh, Thomas 70
Q
Quantrill 20, 44
R
Rabb’s 2nd Indiana Battery 57
Rabb’s Battery 44
Rabb’s Battery, (2nd Indiana) 59
Rangers 36, 50
Reagan, Jonathan 5
Reagan, Joseph 5
Rebel Army 14, 25
Rebel General Cooper 48
Rebel Money 37
Rebel Navy 9
Rebel Service 33
Rebel Soldiers 26
Rebels 59
Rebels under Cabell 43
Rebels under Fagan 42
Red River 33, 53, 54, 63
Reed, B 24
Reed, Jesse 24
REPORT OF THE KILLED, WOUNDED AND MISSING, OF THE 12TH KANSAS VOLUNTEERS, AT THE BATTLE OF JENKINS FERRY, ON THE SALINE RIVER, APRIL 30, 1864 69
Reserve 36
Rialto Saloon 15
Riley, R 68
Robbins, J W 45, 48
Robertson, Frank 69
Rogers, Burt A 3
Rogers, Oscar MD 10
Rosencrans, General 3
Roseville, Arkansas 23, 26, 27, 28, 29, 37
Ross, Captain 25
Russell, Captain 2
S
Saline River 43, 60
Saline Swamp 60
Samuels, Joseph B 62
Saunders, David 62
Saunders, Joseph 62
Saxton, J H 68
Scott County, Arkansas 17, 21, 30
Searle, Lieutenant Colonel 4
Sedalia Road 16
See, George 69
Sergeant Sails 50
Shelby 59
Shelby and Marmaduke 60
Sheldon, D M 70
Shields, G A 70
Shreveport, LA 65
Silber & Company 24
Sisson, G W 24, 45
Slaughter Pen 16
Smedley’s Mill 50
Smith, B F 69
Smith, General Kirby 54
Smith, Kirby 63
SOLDIER SHOT 29
Soldiers of Johnson County 5
Sorter, Miss Fannie 8
Southern Confederacy 14, 46
Sowers, Ellis 69
Spinning Machinery 8
Springer, Rev. Francis 5
St. Charles Hotel 31, 32
Stanbrough, James 70
Standwaite 27
Stanley, J W 68
Stark, C N 68
Stars and Stripes 13
Steam Boats 8
Steamer Admiral Hine 59, 67
Steamer Carrie Jacobs 43, 59, 67
Steamer Chippeway 59, 67
Steamer Des Moines City 59, 67
Steamer Sunny South 66
Steele, Fred, Major General 55
Steele, General 25
Stephens, James B 28
Stephens, Mrs. Margaret L 28
Stephens, W T 48
Stockton, Job B 8
Streetmaker, Joseph 2
Stuckslager, Dr. 65
Surgeons of Regiments 15
Sutler Wagons 44, 50
Sutlers 50
Sutton House 31
Swasey, Dr. 31
T
Taylor, L H 69
Teiman, Lieutenant 71
Thayer, Brigadier General 15
Thayer, Eli 21
Thayer, General 2
Thayer, J M 6, 55
Thayer, John M 2, 7
THE BATTLE AT JENKINS FERRY 64
THE BEGINNING OF THE END 13
THE CAMPAIGN OF THE ARMY OF ARKANSAS 55
THE CAMPAIGN OF THE ARMY OF ARKANSAS(Concluded 63
THE FORTIFICATIONS 51
THE GENERAL HOSPITALS AT THIS PLACE 31
THE LATE CAMPAIGN 53
THE RANGERS 50
THE REBEL NAVY 9
THE WEATHER 11
Thompson, D 62
Thompson, J 62
Treason and Rebellion 13
TWO RETURNING SOLDIERS MURDERED 16
Typhoid Fever 5
U
U S Volunteers 55
Union Families 67
Union League America, Fort Smith, Arkansas 28
Union Men 20
V
Van Buren Cotton Factory 8
Van Buren, Arkansas 2, 17, 25, 60, 61
Van Dorn, H S 69
Veale, Nanie J 8
Victor, W J 70
Vore, J E 69
W
Wagmire, Jacob 70
Wagon Masters 7
Wakefield, E 69
Waldron, Arkansas 4, 17, 18, 21, 31
Walker’s Division 63
War Department 26, 31, 34, 48
Ward, Major R G 68
Ward, William 69
Warner, Austin 69
Washington County, Arkansas 1
Washington, Arkansas 19
Washita River 56
Watchmaker Bertrand’s Shop 3
Watson, S D 69
Waugh, Colonel G M 61
Waugh, G M 23
Waugh, Lieutenant Colonel 30, 71
Wells’ Ford 19
Western Arkansas 11
White, C M 70
Whitten, Wm S 8, 15
Wier, J N 70
Williams, Colonel J M 57
Williams, D 61
Williams, J 61
Williams, J S 16
Wilson, H 28
Wolf, John 30
Wood, Dr. 32
Woodworth, Major C A 61
Wright, G W 68
Wyandott County, Kansas 8, 9
Wyandotte County, Kansas 8
Y
Yankee Soldier 49
Young, Andrew G 16
Young, John 69
Z
Zinn, Wm 69